Impact Investing: The Biggest Change Is to Board Members

Impact Investing: What Board Members Want Today

As Investopedia explains, “Impact investing is an investment strategy that aims to generate specific beneficial social or environmental effects in addition to financial gains. Impact investments may take the form of numerous asset classes and may result in many specific outcomes. The point of impact investing is to use money and investment capital for positive social results.”

Historically, being a board member for an impact investor or a not-for-profit entity was strictly an honorary position. Increasingly today, board members are taking a more active role in the organizations with which they are associated.

For example, they’re taking steps to ensure that their organizations are getting to see the best investments. While there is no shortage of organizations asking investors for money, savvy investors are realizing that the best deals don’t just fall into their laps. They have to identify and track their best deal sources and cultivate them so that they consistently have access to those investments—opportunities they might otherwise miss out on.

Having a system in place to track the big players in your space, the conferences that produce the most deals, and who you need to keep in touch with to generate those deals can be extremely helpful.

Impact Investing and Due Diligence

Another thing board members are expecting is more thorough diligence on the investments they approve. When investment teams make recommendations to boards, members are now asking for more than just a recommendation.

They want to see evidence that supports their approval of the investment, and they want to be assured that the deal has gone through the proper due diligence. This includes examining financials and business plans. Every grant or investment must be properly vetted.

Historical Analysis is Crucial

Board members today also want easy access to a historical analysis of investments. They use that information to spot trends and identify new topics or themes. For example, the data shows that after a major disaster, it’s common for the impact investment community to renew its focus on disaster relief.

Some organizations have capabilities in place for analyzing historical data in order to anticipate trends. However, it often takes a significant amount of time to compile such an analysis.

Impact Investing and Cash Flow

Transparency regarding cash flow is also an area of emphasis for board members. Many impact investors make commitments that span several years, and the recipient has to meet certain benchmarks along the way to continue to receive that money.

Tracking not only the money that has been invested but also the money that has been promised can be difficult. Often, it requires more sophisticated technology—a solution that enables an executive director to determine whether the organization has the funds to invest.

Clarifying the Results

Now, more than ever, board members are asking, “So, what?” There is an increasing focus on the results of social investing.

How many schools were built? How many gallons of clean water were produced? How many jobs were created? Board members today realize that the most important question to answer before investing in a social entrepreneur is, “Will the investment do any good?”

The most successful impact foundations and managers, using today’s advanced technology, are more able to give helpful and highly accurate answers.

Data & Tech Guide

A traditional crm was built for general ‘customer’ scenarios

Software platforms have made the world a better place by making work a better place. Indeed the world is better off when people enjoy their jobs even marginally more, and workplace applications on big CRM platforms like Salesforce.com have done that and much more.

But the potential that platforms like these offer presents diminishing returns: once the platform provider has engineered too many industry specific components into its platform, its usefulness for other industries begins to be threatened, and with that so do the usefulness of the component tools built into the platform.

So it is with the CRM category that Salesforce.com has defined: it is generic enough to work for many industries, and yet still offers the potential for others to round off the edges and nail more vertically-oriented and extremely tailored software solutions.

Private capital markets are actually a great demonstration of this dynamic. Where generic CRM platforms simplify — appropriately so — to assume there’s a business, a customer, a sale, and service of that customer, there are a few industry-specific pieces that are missing.

Take for example, that investors become customers by investing through legal entities the GP raises. It’s a subtle but important nuance that just doesn’t make sense at a platform-as-a-service level (because it’s overly complicated for a simple one-time sale that many industries require), but which can easily be added without 10 years or software engineering. Once provided, the rest of the platform’s components become tremendously powerful again and you’re set to take over the world.

As a traditional CRM in our pillars methodology, these nuances must be present to properly account for investors in these legal entities, potential target companies and which are owned by these entities, the context of all interactions with these parties (as well as the appropriate overlap, ie co-investments), and how you’re arriving at finding these opportunities on both sides of the equation, such that you’re able to piece together what’s effective and what’s not. Not just because we say so, but because these are the very relationships and data that are key to the motivation behind a CRM in any industry.

It’s critical, too, that the valuable publicly-available information that helps to enrich CRM systems and save users painful steps of entering it themselves is fully-integrated at the platform level.

Again, look no further than the 3,000+ pre-built integrations that Salesforce.com — the creator of the CRM platform concept — has at a platform level to do so, and which only exists by way of holding just short of overly-specifying certain industry workflows that would present challenges to properly integrate.

Stakeholder reporting and communication (investor relations) draws on a range of datasets

The traditional “customer service” model of CRM systems once again makes overly-simplified assumptions about the customer relationship when applied to private capital markets.

In fifteen years I personally have yet to hear the terms “warranty” or “service call” in this market because it’s just not the same. But make no mistake, as uncomfortable as it may be to say aloud, customer service is more important now than ever and it’s constantly happening; the industry is, after all, considered to be a financial “service”.

As it turns out, that service is primarily information-based — it’s driven by data and takes the form of reports and analysis that drive decisions, and then end up again in investor-facing reports and analysis.

The foundational elements of a private capital markets CRM must be built such that they accommodate this data (like we discussed above), but so too that it can accommodate additional supporting data that investors (customers!) need in the context of service.

Oftentimes this supporting data — financial metrics and time-based values, for example — is believed not to meet the traditional definition of CRM and the natural thought is “well, better do this in Excel!”.

While I happen to believe Excel is still the greatest software application ever built, its introduction to this value chain we’ve discussed herein actually creates the problem many firms suffer from: key data needed to provide customer service (again: effectively the entirety of a firm’s reports and analysis) is now in disparate systems and detached.

Both of those dynamics are important and distinct: not only is this supplemental data disparate, but when brought together there is no logical association that can be made between the two data sets.

Allow me, then, to make the point very simply: not only can this financial and time-based value data (you may be thinking about is as “portfolio monitoring” or “accounting”) be a part of a CRM, it is arguably the most important part of a CRM because it’s at the core of what providing service to the customer entails — information that comes out of data!

Firms need a digital method to engage stakeholders (ie investor portals)

Investor portals are not new; in fact, for many of us — including myself — they conjure up horrifying nightmares in which we’re aimlessly guessing at folders to find the newest document we need.

So in lies the opportunity: not only have the portals we’ve come to hate not simplified the process of acquiring information, they’ve failed to create an entirely new experience that is “customer service” driven.

To be fair, this is not a B2C market where you’d be long out of business for not having focused on customer service and thus the customer’s technology-driven experience. But don’t expect to be around too much longer if you aren’t thinking about this shift.

Today’s institutional investors increasingly expect this same consumer-like experience, and a massive opportunity is being missed by not providing it. It’s not about providing them the experience they desire; it’s more about the ability to measure engagement that is had in return.

Put simply: what’s keeping the market from providing this experience is the availability of the information that’s required to create the service that provides the experience.

If you’ve hung in this long, you know that by focusing on your CRM, you have the data that’s required to manage the customer relationship and the technology-driven experience through which that information is shared to create a differentiated and opportunistic customer experience.

investor communications